Stamp Duty Land Tax and who pays it

When buying a residential property, many costs are involved.

There is the actual cost of the property, with prices rising steeply over recent years, and other costs like professional and legal fees and Stamp Duty Land Tax (SDLT), known informally as “stamp duty”.

But there may be reliefs and exceptions in certain cases.

Who pays stamp duty?

If you live in England or Northern Ireland, as of 23 September 2022 you no longer pay SDLT on the first £250,000 of a property’s value. Separate arrangements apply in Wales and Scotland.

For first-time buyers, there is no SDLT on the first £425,000 of the value of properties valued at less than £625,000.

It is the duty of the home buyer to pay the SDLT and not the seller. This is normally paid by your solicitor on your behalf as part of the purchase process.

What are the reliefs and exemptions from SDLT?

HM Revenue & Customs (HMRC) says an SDLT return must be completed, even if no tax is due, for:

The tax authority says you do not have to pay SDLT or file a return if:

It is advisable to get professional advice in what can be a complicated process.

Need help with SDLT and other residential property matters? Contact us today.


Contact us

Complete the below form and a member of our team will get back to you

If you would like to see full details of our data practices please visit our Privacy Policy and if you have any questions please email